10 Most Exciting Future Space Missions of NASA and ESA

From Roscosmos offering space tours to launching a mission to Mars, the next decade predicts to be electrifying.

Space agencies and companies have been waiting to launch a series of missions. Since keeping up with the latest news about space missions can be challenging, we have come up with a consolidated list of missions you wouldn’t want to miss.

Hold tight, mark your calendars, and stay prepared for what’s coming next.

2030

  • NASA Mission to Mars

nasa mission to reach mars
Source: NASA

The date mentioned for this launch to happen is technically a year ahead of the present timeline. NASA aims to send people to Mars by 2030. The plan has already been developed and is said to have five phases with a transport plan outlined – an effort that facilitates the presence of humans deep into the solar system through a robot space flight program and a sustainable human.

2029

  • European Space Agency (ESA) JUICE explorer to arrive at Jupiter

The probe initiated from ESA will not only explore one moon but three moons of Jupiter,

  1. Callisto
  2. Europa
  3. Ganymede

This along with the gas giant.

By 2020, the seven-year journey will end, thus allowing the probe to enter the Jupiter system. However, it will take another 4 more years to reach around the orbit Ganymede which is by 2033.

2026

  • The NASA dragonfly’s mission to reach Titan

dragonfly-spacecraft
Source: NASA

Dragonfly or rotorcraft is scheduled to launch in 2026 and reach its destination at Titan by 2034. Titan, known as Saturn’s icy moon. Since the atmosphere is denser four times than the earth, Dragonfly with much hard work carrying its science payload to different locations around the ocean. This may take at least2.7 years for the mission to succeed.

  • NASA’s Glimpse of Psyche first time

To be launched in 2022, this mission predicts it to take four years till the time it reaches its destination. But once it is there, it is said to perform revolutionary science in delivering images that illuminate our solar system.

The world is said to get its first-ever close-up view of the Psyche, one of the major asteroids in the asteroid belt of which the scientists say it is the exposed nickel-iron core of the protoplanet.

2025

  • World’s largest telescope to fire up

The ETL located in Chile is said to be the largest telescope worldwide. This has the capacity of gathering 13 times more light than the present star gazing telescope available.

  • The U.S. habitat to arrive at the lunar gateway

NASA gateway which is a cis-lunar orbital space station that is in conjunction with other international partners is an ongoing project that will go throughout the 2020s. However, under any circumstances, if this project gets delivered to the station by 2025, that will be the time when the real science will take place.

The current design only permits four astronauts onboard the space station at the same time, and only a certain group of landers will make the gateway a path toward Mars.

2024

  • NASA’s Artemis mission to land to the moon

By 2024, NASA plans on sending the first woman followed by a man to the moon.

However, the mission will still take astronauts to the Lunar south pole and gather information about the resources available such as water. Tests for vital technology will be conducted benefiting the future mission to the planet (Mars). Besides this, the mission is to ensure whether the human body can endure long term space missions. They will be flying in the Orion spacecraft powered by SLS rockets.

The mission is in the attempt of practice for Mars.

2023

  • The return of OSIRIS-REx’s Asteroid sample

image of asteroid bennu
Source: European Space Agency

Launched in 2016, the OSIRIS-REx’s mission was to visit the asteroid Bennu. However, by 2023, it is expected that a 2.1-ounce sample of the rocky particle should be returned to earth.

Well, the spacecraft reached Bennu in the year 2018 and returned with multiple astounding images of the asteroid. These objects were the remnants of the formation of the solar system. It was quite possible to have brought these particles of life to the earth itself. Scientists are being hopeful as such the samples could be tested to learn whether there is any life formation or not.

2022

  • SpaceX to launch a mission to Mars

Mars-Transportation-Architecture
Source: Space.com

SpaceX, a company run by Elon Musk plans to launch an unpiloted mission to Mars in an attempt to confirm any water resources, life support infrastructure, mining, and identify any type of hazards by 2022.

And in 2024, Elon looks forward to sending a crewed spacecraft having primary elements such as prep up for future crew flights and build a propellant depot.  

2021

  • Finally, the James Webb telescope to begin its mission

The James Webb Space Telescope predicted to be the successor of Hubble Telescope plans for a launch date in 2021. The spacecraft will be launched under the assistance of the European Space Agency (ESA) who will completely be responsible for providing an Ariane 5 rocket setting the Webb into orbit.

2020

  • NASA to launch Mars rover toward the planet

perserverance rover
Source: NASA

NASA looks forward to sending a rover to the Mars Jezero Crater between July 17, 2020, and August 5, 2020. The launch will happen in Florida at the Cape Carnival Air Force Station and the expected landing date is February 18, 2021.

We’re surrounded by mysterious objects circulating the dark matter, galaxy, stars, and planets. Humans have launched multiple spaces missions and now look forward to launching more in the foreseeable future. The aforementioned space missions are a few of the upcoming missions that will change our perception.

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